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World War One

World War One

The military history of Canada during World War I began on August 4, 1914, when the United Kingdom entered the First World War (1914–1918) by declaring war on Germany. 

Canada's sacrifices and contributions to the Great War changed its history and enabled it to become more independent, while opening a deep rift between the French and English speaking populations. For the first time in Canadian military history, Canadian forces fought as a distinct unit, first under a British commander but ultimately under a Canadian-born commander.[4] The highpoints of Canadian military achievement during the Great War came during the Somme, Vimy, and Passchendaele battles and what later became known as "Canada's Hundred Days".[5] Canada's total casualties stood at the end of the war at 67,000 killedand 250,000 wounded, out of an expeditionary force of 620,000 people mobilized (39% of mobilized were casualties).[6]

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Issue: 2019-04-03, Graphics: Yukon Fallen/Michael Gates

This slender volume contains brief biographies and photographs of the men from the Yukon who fought and died for Canada between 1914 and 1918. Seven of the enlisted died in 1919, but are recorded as still being in active service... Read more

Literature

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Issue: 2018-11-07, PHOTO: Pixabay

It’s important to reflect each November 11th and remember those young men and women who gave their lives on behalf of their country. As time moves on, it’s important that our memories of what happened and our commitment to end conflict both remain... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2018-11-07, PHOTO: Helen Dewell

April 9, 2017, marked the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Vimy Ridge. Many refer to this as the point in time when Canada became a nation. The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a great victory for Canada, but it came at a price. In this battle, there... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2018-10-17, PHOTO: MacBride Museum Collection, 1990.29.1.60

On October 23, 1918, at 10:10 p.m., over three hours later than scheduled, the CPR vessel S.S. Princess Sophia (So-PHY-Ya) piloted by Captain Leonard Locke, departed Skagway with at least 353 passengers and crew, the exact number unknown because... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2018-10-17, PHOTO: courtesy of Michael Gates

Lest we forget … This is why Michael Gates (Yukon historian and Yukon News columnist) and D. Blair Neatby (military historian, Yellowknife) have co-authored the memorial book, Yukon Fallen of World War I, a collection of more than 100 biographies... Read more

Literature

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Issue: 2017-11-08, PHOTO: courtesy of the Gates Collection

This is a slightly different edition of The Bookshelf. As with the earlier columns, this one features a book that reflects on Canadian and Yukon history. The difference is that this column is going to direct you to a website... Read more

Literature

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Issue: 2017-05-03, PHOTO: courtesy of Harbour Publishing

“Everyone talks about the Goldrush. I’m interested in the gaps in history. The points in between,” says Yukon writer Michael Gates, author of From the Klondike to Berlin. Published last month, this book is, perhaps surprisingly, the first to offer... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-11-09, PHOTO: courtesy of National Nikkei Museum & Cultural Centre, Burnaby, BC.

Remembrance Day has taken more meaning for me lately. Recently Yukon Archives shared some information about some Japanese from Dawson City who served in the First World War. This was a complete surprise to me. I wondered, Why would they serve? Read more

, Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-07-28, PHOTO: Dan Davidson

Once upon a time there were quite a few Jews in the Klondike. They arrived with the other gold rush stampeders. There were enough of them that they established their own graveyard. But the Jewish presence in Dawson City nearly vanished after the... Read more

Dawson City

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Issue: 2016-06-09, PHOTO: Dan Davidson

Mark Zuehlke grew up in the Okanagan, hearing tales of Remittance Men – those eccentric British immigrants sent here in the late 19th century by their families who didn't know what else to do with them. They were called Remittance Men because of... Read more

Literature

Boyle’s Yukon Machine Gun Detachment

Yukon Archives Photo/Oxford Historical Society Collection #84/78#112

In the view of Dr. Ken Coates, the North’s response to the challenge presented by World War I was to do the opposite of what people Outside might have expected. “They historically were seen as being very separate from the whole country,” he says, Read more

, Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-04-28, PHOTO: courtesy of the YHMA

During the Great War of 1914-1918, nearly a thousand Yukoners enlisted for service in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, or fought for Britain, France and other Allied countries. Of these only a small handful were women. One woman who did not... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-04-21, PHOTO: Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry Museum and Archives81/107 f. # 5

Jim Christie was born in Scotland in 1867. He emigrated to Manitoba and then came to the Klondike in 1898. The short, wiry Scotsman took to living in the north Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-04-14, PHOTO: Yukon Archives George Black fonds 81/107 f. # 5

Joe Boyle came to the Klondike with the first wave of gold-seekers in the early summer of 1897, but soon left with a dream of becoming rich. He was successful in obtaining a large mining concession in the Klondike Valley from the federal... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-04-07, PHOTO: Gates collection

Canada was part of the British Empire, so when war was declared by Great Britain on August 4, 1914, Canada, too, joined the the conflict. There was a tremendous upswing of patriotic fervour. The vast American influx during of the Klondike gold... Read more

Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-03-10, PHOTO: wikimediacommons.org

In 1918, a young American soldier emerged from the ruins of a military kennel with a frantic, famished German Shepherd and her five newborn pups. Their survival on the battlefield in France was almost miraculous; Lee Duncan, their saviour, kept... Read more

Photography - Film

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Issue: 2016-02-25, PHOTO: Courtesy of HHSY

Lucile Hunter was an intrepid Yukon pioneer. Just 35 years after slavery was abolished in 1863 in the United States, she and her husband, Charles, joined the stampede to the Klondike from the US in 1897. As black Americans, they hoped to trade the... Read more

, , Yukon History

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Issue: 2016-02-18, PHOTO: Dan Davidson

The most recent exhibition at Dawson’s ODD Gallery is nothing if not seasonal for its subject is the northern lights, also called aurora borealis, the light display named jointly after the Roman god of the dawn, Aurora, and the Greek god of the... Read more

Dawson City

“To know the toll that battle brings, of resolute intention” — From “I Do Not Know Your Name” by Kenny Martin These words they resonate with me. At sixteen-years-old, I believe the magnitude of past events have slipped past me Read more

Yukon History

Without the historical record and extensive documentation, we might swear it is impossible for these people to exist. (After all, there's only so much a person can cram into one lifetime.) "Klondike" Joe Boyle is one of these legendary figures. Read more

Yukon History